Organic farming is a method of farming that avoids the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals. Instead, it relies on natural processes, such as composting and crop rotation, to maintain healthy soil and promote plant growth.
Agroecology is a scientific discipline that focuses on the study of ecological processes in agricultural systems. It aims to develop sustainable and resilient farming systems that benefit both the environment and the farmers who use them.
The benefits of organic farming include improved soil health, reduced pesticide exposure, increased biodiversity, and improved water quality. Additionally, organic farming can support local communities and promote more sustainable food systems.
The challenges of organic farming include a lack of access to suitable land, limited availability of organic inputs, and the difficulty of controlling pests and diseases without the use of synthetic chemicals. Additionally, organic farming often requires more time and labor compared to conventional farming methods.
Agroecology contributes to sustainable agriculture by promoting systems that are both environmentally friendly and economically viable. It seeks to balance the needs of farmers, the environment, and communities, and to create resilient food systems that can adapt to the challenges of a changing climate.
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